Journal for Christian reflections in the context of social sciences and humanities

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Through Integral Education to Integral Humanism: Jacques Maritain and His Philosophy of Education
Zbudilová Helena
The article focuses on the pedagogical legacy of the work of the Neo-Thomistic philosopher Jacques Maritain (1882-1973). His philosophy of education is sought especially in the perspective of the personal and integral principle of education and with regard to the author’s thesis on ‘integral education aimed at integral humanism’. The article provides an overview of the author’s pedagogical and publishing activities. His work Humanisme integral (1936) is placed in relationship with the conclusions of the author’s fundamental pedagogical works: Education at the Crossroads (1943), The Education of Man (1963), and Pour une Philosophie de l‘Education (1959, 1969). The term person as the focal point of Maritain’s philosophy of education is viewed by the prism of the demand for the renewal of humanity in the current formation and educational process. Based on critical reflection of the pedagogical theories at that time, the author came to his own definition of formation and education and to the characteristics of the educational goals, and the role of the teacher and pupil/student in the formation and educational process. In addition to these conclusions, the text deals with some of the current problems of contemporary education from the point of view of Maritain’s thinking: for example, religious and ethical education, the study of literature (The Great Books), leisure time education, lifelong learning, and specialisation issues. The conclusion is dedicated to the inclusion of Maritain among the top representatives of the Neo-Thomistic orientation of integral personalism. His pedagogical concept brings a holistic approach, builds on perennial educational theory, and represents the pedagogy of values (pedagogy of culture).

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